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December '23 Infectious Diseases Update

Posted by Doug Black, PharmD., Ann Lloyd, PharmD on Dec 13th 2023

Sanford Guide ID Update features current developments in infectious diseases, curated by the Sanford Guide Editorial Board and our AMS Program Manager. Links marked with a * are available to Sanford Guide Web Edition and All Access clients. All other links are available without a Sanford Guide subscription. To receive monthly updates via email, sign up now



Expanded Clofazimine Access

  • Clofazimine* (Lamprene) has been unavailable in US pharmacies since 2004. Currently, individuals with leprosy may obtain access to clofazimine from the National Hansen's Disease Program. Under certain circumstances, patients may be able to obtain access to clofazimine for the treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections or other infections (uses for which clofazimine does not have FDA approval) from Novartis. Click here for more information.

CDC Immunization Schedules

  • The 2024 US CDC recommended immunization schedules and associated footnotes are updated annually by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Beginning with the 2024 schedule, the final version for the upcoming year will be published online in November of the previous year. This is about three months earlier than previously to allow for supply chain and payor coordination for any changes.  

Updated Anthrax Guidelines

AMS Pearl: Bedside Nurses and Antimicrobial Stewardship

  • A recent systematic review describes the daily activities of bedside nurses pertaining to antimicrobial use and antimicrobial stewardship (AMS). The authors found that many AMS activities are already integrated into daily nursing tasks. Nurse activities were categorized into five major domains: assessment of clinical status, collection of specimens, management of antimicrobial medication, prompting review, and patient communication, education, and information.
  • Three additional nurse activities were discovered that are not currently mentioned in other position documents or guidelines. Patient advocacy, leadership in the antibiotic treatment process, and communication were found to be intrinsic to daily activities related to AMS.
  • AMS programs could use the findings from this paper to evaluate and expand the role of bedside nurses in multidisciplinary stewardship efforts at their facilities.  JAC Antimicrob Resist 2023;5(6):dlad123

Drug Shortages (US)

  • Bicillin-LA and Bicillin-CR availability: See Dear Healthcare Professional letter here.
  • Antimicrobial drugs or vaccines in reduced supply or unavailable (as of December 8, 2023) due to increased demand, manufacturing delays, product discontinuation by a specific manufacturer, or unspecified reasons: 
    • New shortages since November 12, 2023:
      • Moxifloxacin 400 mg tablets (12/6/2023)
    • Shortage recently resolved:
      • Isoniazid injection, 100 mg/mL (9/23/2023)
      • Neomycin 500 mg tablets (9/7/2023)
      • Tedizolid injection (10/2/2023)
      • Tedizolid phosphate 200 mg tablets (10/2/2023)
    • Antibacterial drugs:
      • Aminoglycosides:
        • Amikacin injection
        • Gentamicin injection (02/22/2021)
        • Tobramycin injection
      • Bacitracin ophthalmic ointment (unavailable)
      • Carbapenems:
        • Meropenem injection
      • Cephalosporins:
        • Cefazolin injection (6/4/2018)
        • Cefdinir, all oral formulations (6/29/2023)
        • Cefixime 400 mg capsules (1/21/2022)
        • Cefotaxime injection (FDA is allowing temporary importation of product from SteriMax in Canada, in conjunction with Provepharm Life Solutions and its distributor Direct Success. Click here for details).
      • Chloramphenicol injection (10/9/2023)
      • Clindamycin phosphate injection (6/25/2015)
      • Doxycycline oral suspension (11/16/2021)
      • Fluoroquinolones:
        • Ciprofloxacin injection (1/13/2023)
        • Ciprofloxacin 0.3% ophthalmic solution
        • Levofloxacin oral solution, 25 mg/mL (9/15/2023)
        • Ofloxacin 0.3% ophthalmic solution
      • Glycopeptides, glycolipopeptides, lipopeptides:
        • Vancomycin injection (6/1/2015)
      • Macrolides/azalides:
        • Azithromycin ophthalmic solution 1% (unavailable)
        • Erythromycin 0.5% ophthalmic ointment (7/8/2022)
      • Metronidazole injection (10/20/2021)
      • Neomycin and Polymyxin B Sulfates GU Irrigant
      • Nitrofurantoin oral suspension
      • Penicillins:
        • Amoxicillin (all oral formulations)
        • Amoxicillin-clavulanate (all oral formulations)
        • Ampicillin injection (10/19/2023)
        • Dicloxacillin capsules (250 mg, 500 mg)
        • Penicillin G benzathine injection (Bicillin-LA) (2/1/2023)
        • Penicillin G benzathine/Penicillin G procaine (Bicillin-CR) (3/31/2023)
        • Penicillin VK tablets (250 mg, 500 mg), oral solution (250 mg/5 mL) (5/17/2023)
        • Piperacillin-tazobactam injection
      • Polymyxin B sulfate/Trimethoprim sulfate ophthalmic solution (03/31/2023)
      • Sulfacetamide 10%/Prednisolone sodium phos 0.23% oph soln (9/21/2023)
      • Sulfanilamide 15% vaginal cream (unavailable)
    • Antifungal drugs
      • Amphotericin B injection (10/10/2022)
      • Amphotericin B Lipid Complex (ABLC)
      • Nystatin topical powder
    • Antimycobacterial drugs
      • Isoniazid 100 mg, 300 mg tablets
      • Rifampin capsules
    • Antiparasitic drugs:
      • Primaquine
    • Antiviral drugs: 
      • Nirsevimab-alip injection (10/24/2023)
      • Oseltamivir capsules, powder for oral suspension (11/01/2022)
      • Podofilox 0.5% topical gel
      • Ribavirin for inhalation solution
      • Valganciclovir tablets, powder for oral solution
    • Vaccines:
      • None
  • Antimicrobial drugs recently discontinued: 
    • Sulfacetamide 10%/Prednisolone acetate 0.2% oph ointment (Aug 2023 by Allergan, sole supplier)
    • Penicillin G procaine 600,000 units/mL IM injection (June 2023)
    • Ritonavir oral solution 80 mg/mL (January 2023)
    • Lindane 1% shampoo (discontinued by Wockhardt USA in June 2022, no other supplier)
    • Quinupristin-Dalfopristin (discontinued by Pfizer in early 2022, no other supplier)
    • Gemifloxacin 320 mg tablet (August 2022, no further US distribution)
    • Gentamicin sulfate 0.3% ophthalmic ointment (July 2022)
    • Mupirocin calcium 2% cream (Bactroban [GSK], June 2020)
    • Bacitracin injection (February 2020)
    • Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A, October 2019)
    • Mupirocin calcium 2% nasal ointment (Bactroban Nasal [GSK], August 2019)